Journal of Medical Nutrition and Nutraceuticals

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2014  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 94--98

Metabolic abnormalities and body composition in Human Immunodeficiency Virus-infected patients receiving highly active anti-retroviral therapy


Irshad Ali1, Reetu Devi Keisam2, Avinash Keisam3, Lallan Prasad1, Ranabir Salam1, Premchand Singh Thangjam1 
1 Department of Medicine, Regional Institute of Medical Sciences, Imphal, Manipur, India
2 Department of Physiology, Jawaharlal Nehru Institute of Medical Sciences, Imphal, Manipur, India
3 Department of Community Medicine, Imphal, Manipur, India

Correspondence Address:
Ranabir Salam
Singjamei, Chingamakha, NingthoujamLeikai, Liwa Road, Imphal, Manipur - 7950 08
India

Background: With the advent of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) metabolic abnormalities such as dyslipidaemia, changes in fat distribution and insulin resistance have been observed with increasing frequency in patients with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection. Aims: This study was undertaken to (i) assess body composition and the metabolic effects of HAART in HIV infected patients and (ii) compare the above variables between different 1 st and 2 nd ART regimens of National AIDS Control Organization of India. Methods and Material: 201 HIV patients receiving HAART for more than 3 months were studied. Body mass composition was measured using TANITA segmental body composition monitor. The metabolic parameters measured included blood glucose, serum cholesterol and serum triglycerides. Results: Lipodystrophy was observed in 21.40% patients. The mean body mass index (BMI) was 18.24 ± 3.18 and mean visceral fat mass was 4.16 kg. Altered lipid profile was observed in 26.86% patients (25.55% on 1 st line and 38.09% on 2 nd line) and impaired glucose tolerance was seen in 7.96% (6.66% on 1 st line and 19.04% on 2 nd line). Conclusions: HAART has significant effect on the body mass composition and metabolic parameters.


How to cite this article:
Ali I, Keisam RD, Keisam A, Prasad L, Salam R, Thangjam PS. Metabolic abnormalities and body composition in Human Immunodeficiency Virus-infected patients receiving highly active anti-retroviral therapy.J Med Nutr Nutraceut 2014;3:94-98


How to cite this URL:
Ali I, Keisam RD, Keisam A, Prasad L, Salam R, Thangjam PS. Metabolic abnormalities and body composition in Human Immunodeficiency Virus-infected patients receiving highly active anti-retroviral therapy. J Med Nutr Nutraceut [serial online] 2014 [cited 2021 Dec 4 ];3:94-98
Available from: https://www.jmnn.org/article.asp?issn=2278-1870;year=2014;volume=3;issue=2;spage=94;epage=98;aulast=Ali;type=0