Home About us Editorial board Search Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
Home Print this page Email this page Users Online: 149
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 78-84

Determinants of child feeding practices in Pakistan; secondary data analysis of demographic and health survey 2006-07

1 School of Public Health, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, Pakistan
2 Department of Community Health Sciences, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
3 Department of Community Medicine, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, Pakistan

Correspondence Address:
Mubashir Zafar
School of Public Health, Dow University of Health Sciences Karachi
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2278-019X.131958

Rights and Permissions

Background: In Pakistan, poor infant and young child feeding practices are contributing to the burden of infectious diseases and malnutrition. Objective: This study aimed to estimate the determinants of selected feeding practices and key indicators of breastfeeding in Pakistan. Materials and Methods: Total 5718 children aged 0 to 23 months from the Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey of 2006-2007 were included. WHO recommended infant and young child feeding indicators were estimated, and selected feeding indicators were examined against a set of individual-, household-, and community-level variables using univariate and multivariate analyses. Results: Only 26.3% of mothers initiated breastfeeding within the first hour after birth, 97.6% had ever breastfed, 92.5% were currently breastfeeding, and 62.7% were currently bottle feeding. Bottle feeding rates were higher among infants whose mothers partner had worked (OR = 1.66), had ever been employed (OR = 1.17), birth order > 5 (OR = 1.25) and in the Richest wealth quintiles (OR for the richest = 2.34). The likelihood of not initiating breastfeeding within first hour after birth was higher for mothers those who were not visited to the antenatal clinic (OR = 1.54), no post natal visits (OR = 1.45), working mother (OR = 1.76), delivery at facility based centre (OR = 1.95), richer households (OR = 1.77), birth order > 5 (OR = 1.67), and formally married women (OR = 2.31). Conclusions: Breastfeeding practice indicators suggest that there is need for promotion of correct/recommended breastfeeding practices in the community. Breast feeding promotion should targeted those women who have younger age and working in the urban areas.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded273    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 2    

Recommend this journal