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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 73-75

Eponyms in medical nutrition and nutraceuticals: The Atkins diet

Alton, Hampshire, United Kingdom

Correspondence Address:
Sandra D Scrivens
Alton, Hampshire, United Kingdom

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2278-019X.131956

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This review forms part of a series on Eponyms in Medical Nutrition and Nutraceuticals. The Atkins Diet (AD) commercial weight loss program works on the principle of producing ketones as the body's main energy source as opposed to glucose by means of a diet high in protein and fat and very low in carbohydrate (CHO). In terms of weight loss, the AD has proved more effective than a high CHO/low fat diet in the short term with both diets demonstrating similar weight loss at 12 months. Habitual concerns regarding the effect of the AD on bone and cardiovascular health appear to be unfounded although high-quality randomized-controlled trials (RCTs) are limited. The AD is contraindicated in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) although evidence does not indicate a negative effect on kidney function in healthy populations.

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