Journal of Medical Nutrition and Nutraceuticals

REVIEW ARTICLE
Year
: 2013  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 46--51

Nutritional needs and dietary modifications in patients on dialysis and chronic kidney disease


Sukhminder Jit Singh Bajwa1, Ishwardeep S Kwatra2 
1 Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Gian Sagar Medical College and Hospital, Ram Nagar, Banur, Punjab, India
2 Department of General Medicine, Gian Sagar Medical College and Hospital, Ram Nagar, Banur, Punjab, India

Correspondence Address:
Sukhminder Jit Singh Bajwa
House No-27-A, Ratan Nagar, Tripuri, Patiala, Punjab
India

Nutritional needs in patients with chronic kidney disease are different from those of the normal population. As such, estimation of these nutritional requirements mandates a thorough understanding of the various physiologic and pathologic processes related to renal system. Many of these patients get admitted in intensive care and dialysis units at some stage of life for one indication or the other. Intensivists also have to update their knowledge when it comes to providing nutrition to these patients during their intensive care unit (ICU) stay. Majority of these patients are on chronic dialysis and this aspect has to be taken care of while they are treated in ICU. The assessment of nutritional needs and the various dietary modifications requires the services of a nephrologist on patient-to-patient basis depending upon the underlying co-morbid diseases. Majority of the studies involving patients with renal disease have been carried out in normal population, and as such, data is lacking from ICU and dialysis units. The present article is an attempt to discuss various aspects of patients with chronic kidney disease and their nutritional needs and the relevant dietary modifications and is an extrapolation of the present evidence of normal population to the patients admitted in ICU and dialysis units.


How to cite this article:
Bajwa SS, Kwatra IS. Nutritional needs and dietary modifications in patients on dialysis and chronic kidney disease.J Med Nutr Nutraceut 2013;2:46-51


How to cite this URL:
Bajwa SS, Kwatra IS. Nutritional needs and dietary modifications in patients on dialysis and chronic kidney disease. J Med Nutr Nutraceut [serial online] 2013 [cited 2019 Nov 12 ];2:46-51
Available from: http://www.jmnn.org/article.asp?issn=2278-1870;year=2013;volume=2;issue=1;spage=46;epage=51;aulast=Bajwa;type=0